The breeding ranges of the eastern and western wood-pewee overlap in a small region in the American Great Plains, but the two species do not appear to interbreed. The eastern equivalent, the Eastern Wood-Pewee, looks almost exactly alike. Conspicuously sitting on the tip of an open branch or the top of a dead tree, this flycatcher is an integral part of riparian habitats and open pine-oak woodlands throughout the west. There is very little range overlap, and they apparently don't interbreed, so it is interesting that they are practically indistinguishable (mainly differences in their songs). The eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) … Changes Since 2000: Western Wood-Pewee has extended its range eastward, mainly in three areas, the Niobrara River Valley, western Loup Drainage, and especially the North Platte River Valley. The Greater Pewee, as the name indicates, is the largest pewee member of the pewee family and is … 2005). 16 cm (6") Common. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats. While in general this species is widespread and abundant, populations are declining in many areas. Migratory Behavior. Dead migratory birds -- which include species such as warblers, bluebirds, sparrows, blackbirds, the western wood pewee and flycatchers -- are also being found in Colorado, Texas and Mexico. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus Range map Data provided by eBird. The trend for Texas is disturbing, suggesting the 2004 population is about 10% of the 1966 population in this state. The bird is mainly mid gray above, and light gray below. Distinction is made by range and vocalizations. Notes: Looks nearly identical to eastern wood-pewee. Declines have been attributed to loss and degradation of habitat on both the breeding grounds and the wintering grounds. Audubon's climate model forecasts a 74 percent loss of current summer range by 2090, mostly showing contraction, but offering some potential expansion to the north. Description: Plumage variable; dusky gray-brown above, olive-gray on breast and sides. The Western Wood-Pewee is a small flycatcher that looks much like the Eastern Wood-Pewee; these two species were once considered to be the same bird. The Western Wood-Pewee is a cute little tyrant flycatcher and similar in appearance to its eastern counterpart. Evaluating structural characteristics and distribution of each ecological system relative to the species' range and habitat requirements; The western wood pewee enjoys a wide distribution, as a summer resident, over the western half of this country, as the eastern bird does over the eastern half. ... Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus), version 1.0. In each of these areas, except possibly the western Loup Drainage, both wood-pewee species occur together. Olive grey upperparts and lighter underparts. Whitish throat and a dark bill with yellow at the base of … Adult: extremely similar to eastern wood-pewee, with long wings that extend one-third of the way down the tail. Range eggs per season 2 to 4; Range fledging age 14 to 18 days; The young are tended by both parents, but the female is usually at the nest the most during the first 4 days. The bill is dark, as are the legs and feet. The overall winter range of the Eastern Wood-Pewee in Brazil is shown as western Amazonia with a few scattered locations in other parts of the country (van Perlo 2009). Quiet and solitary. 6-6½” Voice: A harsh, slightly descending peeer and clear whistles pee-yer. Western North America. Two subspecies of Western Wood-Pewee are found in Washington, divided by the Cascade Mountains. The bird itself is usually somewhere in the leafy middle story of the trees, perched on a bare twig, darting out to catch passing insects. Often found perched on dead branches in the mid-canopy where it searches for flying insects. In the field, the Eastern Wood-pewee is virtually indistinguishable in appearance from the Western Wood-pewee (C. sordidulus), which has a darker and browner chest and sides and has no tinge of green on the chest (McCarty 1996). Two narrow white wing-bands. The Eastern Wood-Pewee and the Western Wood-Pewee are the most common and have the largest ranges. It has a grey head with a slight crest and no eye-ring. 6 1/2" (17 cm). Contopus sordidulus sordidulus (s, sw Mexico to Honduras) Contopus sordidulus saturatus (se Alaska to w Oregon. The Western Wood-Pewee is a flycatcher with small crest on the head. Whether and to what extent the two forms intergrade where their ranges meet does not seem to have been satisfactorily determined. The Western Wood-Pewee is mostly gray with a crested head and two vague whitish wing bars. Head has darker cap and slight crest. Spring: May 6, 6, 7 <<<>>> summer Timing and Routes of Migration. It catches insects in flight. The Western Wood-pewee is a common bird across (surprise!) The tail is slightly notched. Western wood pewee birds breed once a year; Breeding season Breeding occurs May to mid July. In eastern woods in summer, the plaintive whistled pee-a-wee of this small flycatcher is often heard before the bird is seen. Preferred breeding sights are found in open wooded areas throughout western North America. Movements and Migration. During the winter months, this species will migrate to central South America for warmer climates. Greater Pewee has a crest, indistinct wingbars; Western Wood-Pewees does have a crest and has distinct wingbars. Habitat in Breeding Range. Western Wood-Pewee is a small flycatcher, dark grayish brown above and whitish below, very similar in appearance to its close relative the Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens). The wings are dark with two white bars. A sparrow-sized flycatcher, dull olive-gray above, slightly paler below, with 2 whitish wing bars. Read More Geographic range. There are three types of pewees native to North America. Subspecific information 4 subspecies. They have two wing bars and a dark bill with yellow at the base of the lower mandible. The Western Wood Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) is a small tyrant flycatcher.Adults are gray-olive on the upperparts with light underparts, washed with olive on the breast. Learn more. Dusky sparrow-sized flycatcher without an eye ring. Similar to: Greater Pewee. Habitat in Nonbreeding Range. Empidonax flycatchers are smaller and usually have noticeable eye ring. Difficult to distinguish by appearance, but there is little overlap of range. The overwintering distribution of the Eastern Wood-Pewee in Central America is generally given Western Wood-pewee are seen wherever there are clearings or groves of deciduous trees along the river valleys (Davis 1961). nw NA.) Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens Identification challenge: Eastern vs. Western Wood Pewee These two species are so closely-related and so similar that they remain one of the most challenging field identification problems in North America. Western Wood-pewee - Contopus sordidulusThe Western Wood-Pewee is a very plain gray bird with few distinguishing marks, and is often only safely identified from similar Flycatchers by it's voice and range. Both species forage by sallying out from a perch near the tip of a branch to catch flying insects. Western Wood Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae family. Title Western Wood-Pewee Range - CWHR B311 [ds1556] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus. But its range is parapatric to the west of the eastern wood pewee and its song—a descending tsee-tsee-tsee-peeer—is entirely different. Similar to: Eastern Wood-Pewee. Declines for some other areas at the edge of Eastern Wood-Pewee’s range were also high (Canada -4.4% and Florida [95% confidence interval -12.4 to +1.6%]; Sauer et al. The eastern equivalent, the Eastern Wood-Pewee, looks almost exactly alike. As climate change disrupts forest health in the wood-pewee’s current range, movement to new areas to the north and east seems possible. Western Wood-Pewee, Western Wood Pewee, Western Pewee, Large-billed Wood Pewee, Short-legged Pewee, Western Wood-pewee Range and Habitat The Western Wood-Pewee is a very plain gray bird with few distinguishing marks, and is often only safely identified from similar Flycatchers by it's voice and range. The sides of the breast and belly are grayish with a pale center. This species is extremely similar to the western wood pewee and is best identified by range and voice. Open woodlands, river groves. Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus) of western United States extremely similar, but generally darker below; the two species are best distinguished by voice. 6 1/2" (17 cm). Global range of the Eastern Wood-pewee. A sparrow-sized flycatcher, dull olive-gray above, slightly paler below, with 2 whitish wing bars. Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens) of eastern United States extremely similar, but generally less dark below; the two species are best distinguished by voice. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. Western Wood-Pewee has obvious wing-bars; Dark Pewee has darker underparts. Song: descending nasal call "peeer". Habitat. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). This map depicts the range boundary, defined as the areas where the species is estimated to occur at a rate of 5% or more for at least one week within each season. Approximate Hatch Weights: Order: Passeriformes Family: Tyrannidae Common Name: Tyrant Flycatchers Region: Western Chick Type: Altricial Down: Sparse white down Skin Color: Pink Bill: Straight and pink to black Foot Type: Anisodactyl Gape: Yellow Gape Flanges: Yellow Iris: Dark brown Range. adult. The bird perches with a fairly upright stance, and often flies off to catch an insect before returning to same perch. Empidonax flycatchers are smaller and usually have noticeable eye ring. Western Wood-Pewee Overview Western Wood-Pewee: Medium-sized flycatcher with dull olive-gray upperparts and pale olive-gray underparts. The nest is a deep cup placed toward the tip of a high branch, and it is made of lichens and plant fibers tied together with spider webbing. Description identification. Feeds on insects, spiders and berries. It forages at forest edges and in semi-open habitats where it perches high on exposed branches. The lower mandible is yellow-orange tipped with black. eastern America. Nearly identical to Eastern Wood-pewee; best told in field by range and voice. Occurrence. Average differences listed below, but plumage somewhat variable. western America, and is very similar to the Eastern Wood-pewee, which is common across (surprise!) Migration Overview. The western wood pewee (C. sordidulus) is essentially indistinguishable visually. The young are fed insects. The wings have gray flight feathers with whitish wing bars.
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