The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. In fact, this is where it gets the name “loblolly” from. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. The flowers provide nectar and pollen sources for bees and birds, and small mammals eat the fruits. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Le Do/Shutterstock. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. ginnala. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. This does not include hundreds of maple species in all other countries and those that are yet to be discovered. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Maple Tree Tar Spot. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. Silver Maple Tree Identification. Plant this red maple tree in … 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Comments: In tree form, hard maple is usually referred to as sugar maple, and is the tree most often tapped for maple syrup. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. This medium-sized shade tree has an attractive dense crown that is symmetrically round, but it is a shallow-rooted tree. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. The Norway Maple differs from the Field Maple and Sycamore in that its lobes and teeth have finely pointed tips. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. A rounder form rather than tall will strengthen your case for a Japanese maple tree. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage is more like what you would find on a hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Known either as Norway maple or European maple, this popular species was brought to North America from Europe in the 18th century. Landscape set up as primary tree focal point in a flower bed or as a stand alone tree … Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. The oak tree has many hybrids which can make identification a tough job. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. Leaves turn red or yellow in the fall. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. Maple Tree Identification There are over thirteen identified species of maple trees in North America alone. This species can be a small tree or large shrub. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. Silver maple leaves grow to be five to seven inches wide, with five lobes. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. Five common species are shown here. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. The oak tree leaf is broad, thin and flat and is called a broadleaf. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Fall color is stimulated by the slight stress that occurs when climate conditions become dry, and if you irrigate a maple too diligently, its fall color may be disappointing. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. 1. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. Try the Arbor Day Foundation’s online tree identification tool. Late March marks the beginning of the sugar maple season in the Northeast United States. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below ) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Many plants in a genus are similar in appearance, but there can be some surprises. These four species share several characteristics in common. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. However, for sugaring, red maple does have three important weaknesses. The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Field maple is attractive to aphids and their predators, including many species of ladybird, hoverfly and bird. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. punctatum. The deciduous species of the oak tree are seen in the colder latitudes, while those with evergreen leaves are seen toward the south. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. The red flowers becom… As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Silver maple, for example, will go from smooth and silver to furrowed and gray and black as it grows older, as the photo shows. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Blood red Japanese maple has very deep dark red leaves during the summer and are wonderfully bright red in the fall when the sun shines through the leaves. 2 / 12. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. The bark is like rough, separated plates with deep ridges in-between the pieces. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Fruits mature in fall. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Tree Identification Field Guide. The hedge maple is a great choice for the urban garden, as it does well in many difficult environments: drought; acidic, alkaline, or salty soils; shady locations; and climates where there is ozone deficiency. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. Japanese maple tree also have delicate toothed long lobes on leaves on horizontal branches. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. What Tree Is That? A maple tree with purple to reddish leaves during spring is a strong signal for a Japanese maple. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. 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